Like unemployment, the impact of poverty on health has been well studied by social scientists. Clear links between poverty and ill-health exist, especially linked with economies where the gap between the rich and the poor is growing. Again, it has been possible to count the impact of this extra demand on the NHS using standard Government health funding adjustment figures.
The conclusion - £958,000,000 per annum cost to the NHS due to deprivation.
Bills of Health introduces the concept of convergence and divergence as descriptors of economic performance in order to highlight this aspect of economics.